Vitamin Worksheet, Quiz, and Projects

Watch your students pass the vitamin quiz after completing projects and listening to stories on 6 vitamins.

vitamin worksheet

                      Free Download Below

MatchCard Science Rocks and Minerals Worksheet

Objective: Describe the role of vitamins.

MatchCard: Download below.

The three parts of this lesson include:
  1. Information pieces on 6 essential vitamin groups
  2. 4 hands on projects
  3. 7 short stories
YEP, you read that last one right. I normally do not use story-telling to teach science. However, all the facts about vitamins seem a bit arbitrary to a kid and the story telling connects all those arbitrary pieces of information.

Print the Vitamin MatchCard

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Click image to go to download

This is MatchCard #4 of the Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study. More information on MatchCard Science at the bottom of this page.

Information on the 8 Vitamins

vitamin blocks

There are nine lessons covered in four days. They include: In addition the lessons provide this information:

vitamin blocks

Vitamin Projects

We have three hands-on projects to enable students to further investigate the effect of vitamins.

What is An Enzyme?

Vitamins make enzymes that carry out chemical reactions within the cells to make them efficient. We start with a dinner recipe that demonstrates how a particular enzyme breaks down the peptide bonds in protein, hence making meat more tender.

vitamin/catalyst recipe vitamin/catalyst recipe

A Catalytic Recipe

Perhaps you remember the experiment for the protein matrix in NHS MatchCard #3: protein, carbs, and fats. Gelatin was mixed with water which created collagen, a tough, rubbery form of protein. You will also recall that proteins are made of amino acids. The amino acids are bound to each other with peptide chains.

You heard in our story that proteins are broken down in the cell. This is usually done by breaking the peptide bonds and then all the amino acids are left as solitary molecules instead of as chains of amino acids.

Pineapple contains an enzyme that breaks down peptide bonds. Sometimes when people put it in gelatin, their gelatin doesn’t gel. You can try it sometime. Or perhaps when they eat the thick stem at the center of the pineapple they notice their tongue is sore. That is because the enzyme broke down the proteins in their tongue. Ouch! (Don’t worry, the body will rebuild the protein matrix and they will be fine.)

Rather than wrecking your gelatin salad or pulverizing your tongue, we will make a meat tenderizer that is edible and tasty.

Pineapple Marinated Meat

Combine the first four ingredients as a marinade. Pour the marinade over most of the meat, cover and refridgerate for two hours. Leave a small piece of meat unmarinated. Grill the meat or cook in the oven. Notice the difference in the tenderness of the marinated and unmarinated meat. The protein matrix of the meat was not broken down like the meat that had the meat tenderizing marinade.

Let's Check for Vitamin C

This next project has students mix a Vitamin C regent and test some common juices for their vitamin C content.

Compare OJ, Lemon Juice, Grapefruit Juice for Vitamin C content

Vitamin E: The Antioxidant

Vitamin E experiment

How Much Do We Need?

Comparing Grams to Milligrams

Unless you are a nutritionist or have a medical condition, it isn’t necessary to memorize the RDA (recommended daily amount) of the different vitamins. It is, however, interesting to compare HOW MUCH we need of vitamins compared to the Big 3 energy providers: carbohydrates, protein and fat. Depending on your age and level of activity here are the range of RDA’s: Get a small salt container or spice container. Depending on the size, it should have about 30 to 70 grams in it. Using the amounts above, compare the amount of seasoning in the container to the amount of carbohydrate, protein, and fat you should consume in one day.

Remember that a milligram is 1/1000th of a gram. Pretty small, huh? So 50 grams of salt is the same as 50,000 micrograms of salt. One teaspoon of salt is about 2400 milligrams (about how much you should get in one day.) So how much would 20 milligrams be? Less than 1/1000th of a teaspoon.

So these tiny amounts of vitamins do a whole lot once they get inside the cells.

MatchCard Science

How To Use MatchCards

MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide

MatchCards are like flashcards - but fun. Students learn and review all the major science concepts with one MatchCard for each objective. Learn how to set up a MatchCard Notebook with the free download of the MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide.

Review 5 objectives a day, three days a week and watch how their knowledge of science expands.

Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study

Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study Cover

Eleven different MatchCards will guide students to making healthy choices for optimal living.

Download the entire Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study.

12 Complete MatchCard Science Unit Studies

MatchCard Science Cover

There's even more! MatchCard Science has a total of 12 unit studies comprising all major areas of science. Comprehensive objectives, reusable MatchCards, hands-on demonstrations, and suggested projects make MatchCard Science Unit Studies a rewarding science curriculum for students who like to get their hands into science.

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