Human Skeleton Diagram

Skeleton of the Human Body MatchCard

bones to the human skeleton diagram.

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skeleton worksheet

Human Anatomy Unit Study

Human Skeleton For Kids in 3rd to 8th Grade

Objective: List the major bones of the human skeleton.

MatchCard Information Pieces list eleven bone of the human body skeleton using correct anatomical terms: skull, clavicle, ribs, vertebrae, pelvis, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, fibia, tibia.

Students match the bones to the human skeleton diagram on the MatchCard.

Download and Use the Human Skeleton and MatchCard

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This is MatchCard #6 of the Human Anatomy Unit Study. Directions for using MatchCards are below.

No Bones About It

Here is a warm up exercise to get your students interested in the human skeleton bones. Allow some fun and laughter with their pictures.

Skeleton Printout

Use the human skeleton diagram on the MatchCard or any other printable human skeleton for this next activity.

It may add to the interest if you cover the diagram with another sheet of paper. As you go through the major bones of the human skeleton, bring the paper down to show each part.


Now that they see the diagram, let them feel the shape of their own skull again.

Explain that the skull is made up of bones which are fused together so it feels like one bone in an adult and older child.

Only one part of the skull moves. Can they find out which one. (The mandible, or bottom jaw)

Neck and Spine

The neck and spine are made up of individual vertebrae.

Have them feel each vertebrae on themselves. They can also watch the vertebrae become more pronounced as another person bends his or her neck or back.


The shoulders and clavicle are difficult to feel with all the muscles beneath the skin. Start with your hand on the shoulder socket. Move it inward, over the clavicle. Feel the bones as your shoulders are shrug.


How many ribs can you count while touching your own skeleton? (There are 12 pairs.) Some of the ribs attach to the sternum, or chest bone. Others are floating ribs that do not attach to the sternum.

Look at the rib cage on the human skeleton diagram. Then look at diagrams of the respiratory system and the circulatory system.

Comparing the placement of the ribs to the heart and lungs demonstrates the importance of lungs in protecting vital organs. Think how dangerous it would be to play basketball, or any other sport, without our rib cage.


The pelvis is often referred to as the hip bones. It is actually an odd-shaped bowl that supports the internal organs of the trunk.

Put your hands on your hips. You can feel the crest of the pelvic bones in the back.

The legs are attached to the front of the pelvis.


The scapula is a triangular shaped bone in the back. It is often called a "shoulder blade."

What does ithe scapula do? It attaches the upper arm to the clavicle.

It's hard to feel your own scapula. But you might be able to outline someone else's scapula. But be careful: they might want a good back scratch when you do.

Humerus, Radius, Ulna

The arm bones are the humerus, radius, and ulna. The humerus is the single bone at the top of the arm.

Below the elbow, there are two bones. The radius is on the same side as the thumb. The ulna is on the same side as the little finger.

Turn your hand as if you were turning a door knob. You will notice that the radius radiates around the ulna. It is always the radius that moves while the ulna stands still.

Here's an activity that demonstrates the importance of the human skeleton for kids:

Femur, Tibia, Fibia

The leg bones are the femur, tibia, and fibia. The set of three bones will be familiar after studying the arm.

The femur is the thigh bone. It is the longest bone in the body.

The fibia is below the knee. It is on the outside. The tibia is on the inside.

(Need a hint to help you remember the tibia and fibia? If you fib, you will be left on the outside.)

Activities to Teach the Human Body Skeleton


Print the words to the eleven major bones on index cards.

On other cards print their common names: (ie upper arm bone/humerus; head/skull; collar bone/clavicle; etc.)

Students can play memory, go fish, or other matching game with the pairs.

Simon Says

Here's my favorite way to review the human skeleton bones!

Give commands such as:

Skeleton Print Out

You can print multiple copies of the Human Skeleton Diagram and MatchCard. In addition to the bones already mentioned, students can learn more: As they learn other bones, they can add them to the skeleton print out.

Hands On Fun

Doing science is always more fun than reading about it.

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Check out our resources for learning about the skeleton of the human body with our resources for human anatomy for kids.

MatchCard Science

How To Use MatchCards


MatchCards make science concepts and corresponding vocabulary interactive. As students move the information pieces on the MatchCards they review the material they have already learned.

Download the FREE MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide and see how MatchCards can make building their science knowledge base fun.

Human Anatomy Unit Study

Human Anatomy Unit Study Cover

From cells to systems, kids will learn learn fun things about how their body works. 12 different human anatomy systems are covered.

Download the entire Human Anatomy Unit Study

12 Science Unit Studies

MatchCard Science Cover

Chemistry is only one of twelve complete unit studies for kids in 3rd to 8th grade.

Comprehensive objectives, hands-on projects, suggested science fair experiments, and the fun game-like MatchCards keep them interested in learning science. See all twelve MatchCard Science Unit Studies.

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