# 3 Classes of Fire

Can your kids use the right fire extinguisher on each of the 3 classes of fire?

## MatchCard Science Classes of Fire Worksheet

Objective: Identify the 3 classes of fire.

MatchCard Information Pieces describe the three classes of fires. Students match the descriptions to the right fire extinguisher on the worksheet.

## Print the Fire MatchCard

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This is MatchCard #8 of the Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study. Find more information on MatchCard Science below.

## Three Classes of Fires

### ABC of Fire Safety

Here is a memory device to remember the 3 classes of fire:
• A - Ashes: Wood, paper turn to ash when burnt
• B - Barrel: Gasoline, kerosene, and other flammable liquids come in barrels
• C - Current: Batteries and electrical wires carry an electrical current

### 2 more classes of fires

Older students might develop another MatchCard for two additional classes of fires:
• D: Metals - What metals burn? What conditions?
• K: Commercial kitchens grease fires. This is a subclass of Class B, but extinguishers particularly for these fires are available.

## Fire Extinguishers

Every home should have a fire extinguisher. If you do not, or you check the date and it is expired, now’s a great time to purchase a fire extinguisher. Let your student(s) help you pick it out. Look at the numerical rating on the extinguishers. Compare costs.

And of course, there is no sense having an extinguisher if you can’t use it. If you found your old one is expired, use it for practice. If you don’t have an expired extinguisher, use an inexpensive new one to conduct an annual practice session.

### Practicing Using the Extinguisher

The mnemonic P A S S reminds us how to use a fire extinguisher:
• Pull
• Aim for the base of the fire
• Squeeze
• Sweep
Discuss what would happen if you didn’t follow this order.

## Fire and Oxygen

### Smother A Fire

Fires need oxygen to burn. To demonstrate this, light a candle. Then put a transparent glass bowl or glass over the top. Watch the flame be extinguished.

### Build A Campfire

If your child has not had the opportunity to start a fire (a common scouting activity), look for the chance to give him or her the chance to do so. It takes a little know how and practice. Start with small dry grass or twigs, add larger twigs, then sticks, small logs and large logs. Have them start by making piles of the five sizes of wood.

## Fire Safety

More information on teaching fire safety can be found on our worksheet and activities for home safety. MatchCard 7 describes some of the most common safety hazards in homes, including fire.

### Let's Think About It: Oxygen

Oxygen is highly flammable. You will see people in the community with chronic lung diseases carrying portable oxygen and inhaling it through tubing. These individuals could not go to a camp, or even sit at a restaurant with a burning candle. What other life changes would this require?

## How To Use MatchCards

MatchCards make science concepts and corresponding vocabulary interactive. As students move the information pieces on the MatchCards they review the material they have already learned.

Download the FREE MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide and see how MatchCards can make building their science knowledge base fun.

## Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study

Promote healthy choices for optimal living with 11 objectives.

See more about the Nutrition, Health, and Safety Unit Study.

## 12 Science Unit Studies

Chemistry is only one of twelve complete unit studies for kids in 3rd to 8th grade.

Comprehensive objectives, hands-on projects, suggested science fair experiments, and the fun game-like MatchCards keep them interested in learning science. See all twelve MatchCard Science Unit Studies.