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Biology Tree of Life


The Biology Tree of Life lists major kingdoms with different characteristics. There is significant diversity in the number and organization of kingdoms by different scientists.

tree of life worksheet

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MatchCard Science Tree of Life Worksheet

Objective: Describe the role of domain and kingdom in the biology tree of life.

MatchCard: Download below.

MatchCard Information Pieces describe five different kingdoms: plant, animal, fungi, monera, and protozoa.

Print the Tree of Life MatchCard

Tree of Life Worksheet homeschool curriculum download arrow
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This is MatchCard #9 of the Zoology Unit Study. Find more information on MatchCard Science below.

Major Teaching Concepts

This information builds on MatchCard #8, scientific classification. In that lesson students learned how to trace the species of domestic dogs from kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.

Domain Cartoon

Review scientific classification or introduce if it is new to your student.

Complexity of Organisms

Plant and Animal kingdoms are insufficient for all living things and so the classification system has become more complex. In fact, there are multiple classification systems out there, some in greater favor in some countries or sub-specialties of biology. The concept to convey to your student is that the classification system has expanded since Linnaeus introduced "plants" and "animals" as the two kingdoms. There are a greater number of kingdoms and there is disagreement as to what constitutes a kingdom.

Domain

Domain has become the largest sub-group on the classification system, whereas kingdom previously was the largest and broadest category. All living things are classified under the domain of "life".

Single Celled Organisms

This lesson introduces students to the existence and variety of single celled organisms. This is by no means a comprehensive list of the types of single-celled organisms, but an introduction for kids in upper elementary and middle school to microbiology.

Students should become aware of the fact that these organisms invisble to the human eye have changed our understanding of life. There are the protozoa which first challenged the scientific community with their characteristics that are partly plant-like (photosynthesis) and partly animal-like (movement and ingestion.)

Tree of Life

The tree of life is an interesting concept as it has its roots in Genesis 1, but was also used by Darwin to describe how organisms evolved. A comparison of these two philosophies can be discussed and compared.

Teaching the Tree of Life for Kids

Tree of Life for Kids

Guessing Game: Domain

Using MatchCard 8 and the classification system, ask students to guess what DOMAIN plants and animals belong under. "Domain" is a larger or broader group than kingdom.

After “Life” is guessed, ask what other domain(s) might exist.

Scavenger Hunt: Fungi

Give time to brainstorm what other living things are on the tree of life besides plants and animals.

Then show the student copy of the MatchCard (without answers.) Look at the three other kingdoms.

How does a fungus differ fron a plant? Give ten minutes for a scavenger hunt to find information (print or internet) or specimens of fungi.


Fungi Fun

Add a small amount of moisture to a piece of bread, put it in a sealed plastic bag, leave it in a warm spot, and come back in a few days.


Show and Tell: Monera and Protozoa

Introduce protozoa and monera as animal-like unicellular organisms.

Monera - which include bacteria - have prokaryotic cells that are simple and have no nucleus (like the brain of the cell.)

Protozoa have characteristics which are partially like animals and partially like plants.

Give another ten minute scavenger hunt to find information on protozoa, bacteria, or archaea.

Give each student a few minutes to do a show and tell on one organism they learned about.

Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic

The different parts of a cell will be studied in MatchCard #12. At this stage, the primary thing the student needs to learn is that the prokaryotic cells are simpler and do not have a nucleus which functions as the brain on the cell.

Four of the kingdoms have Eukaryotic or complex cells with a nucleus. It might help to remember that "bacteria are not very smart."

Virus

Viruses are just mentioned in this lesson because they are commonly referred to.

A virus is not a cell. It consists of genetic material that invades a cell and uses the cells genes to replicate itself. Viruses cannot reproduce by themselves.

Lapbooking

A lapbook is a popular way for students to demonstrate what they have learned. Have fun developing a lapbook that gives information on the five different kingdoms.

Under the Microscope

This lesson introduces students to some of the variety of species that do not exist in the kingdoms of plants and animals. These organisms are primarily microscopic (though some fungi can be seen in the environment.)

This is an ideal time to use the microscope if you have one or have access to one. Prepared slides can be obtained for fungi, protozoa, and bacteria.

MatchCard Science

How To Use MatchCards

MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide

MatchCards are reusable worksheets that correspond to the objectives in the MatchCard Science curriculum. They are used to teach new objectives and to review content previously learned in a fun, interactive method.

See more information about how to use MatchCards in your science program by downloading the FREE MatchCard Science Instructor's Guide.

Investing a little time to set up a MatchCard notebook pays big dividends as your school year progresses.

Zoology Unit Study

Zoology Unit Study Cover

From microscopic protozoa to elephants and whales, learn more about the animals on this planet with the MatchCard Science Zoology Unit Study.

There are a total of thirteen zoology objectives and MatchCards for this unit which will take 6 to 8 weeks to complete.

Download the entire zoology unit study.

12 Complete MatchCard Science Unit Studies

MatchCard Science Cover



There are a total of 12 unit studies, including the Zoology unit study.

Comprehensive objectives, hands-on projects, suggested science fair experiments, and the fun game-like MatchCards keep them interested in learning science. Check out the other eleven MatchCard Science Unit Studies.


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